NCBI Description of ENPP1
|This gene is a member of the ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (ENPP) family. The encoded protein is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein comprising two identical disulfide-bonded subunits. This protein has broad specificity and cleaves a variety of substrates, including phosphodiester bonds of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars and pyrophosphate bonds of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars. This protein may function to hydrolyze nucleoside 5' triphosphates to their corresponding monophosphates and may also hydrolyze diadenosine polyphosphates. Mutations in this gene have been associated with 'idiopathic' infantile arterial calcification, ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL), and insulin resistance. Sequence Note: The translation start codon selected for this RefSeq is conserved in several species. A possible downstream start codon would reduce the protein length by 52 aa, and this start codon is referred to in PMID:2211644. No experimental evidence exists regarding which start codon is used. This RefSeq record was created from genomic sequence to make the sequence consistent with the reference genome assembly. The genomic coordinates used for the transcript record were based on alignments.|
Community Annotation of ENPP1 Add / Edit ENPP1: Annotations
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